Soils on exposed Sunda Shelf shaped biogeographic patterns in the equatorial forests of Southeast Asia

J. W. Ferry Slik, - and Shin-Ichiro Aiba, - and Meredith Bastian, - and Francis Q. Brearley, - and Charles H. Cannon, - and Karl A. O. Eichhorn, - and Gabriella Fredriksson, - and Kuswata Kartawinata, - and Yves Laumonier, - and Asyraf Mansor, - and Antti Marjokorpi, - and Erik Meijaard, - and Robert J. Morley, - and Hidetoshi Nagamasu, - and Reuben Nilus, - and Dr. Eddy Nurtjahya, M.Sc., - and John Payne, - and Andrea Permana, - and Axel D. Poulsen, - and Niels Raes, - and Soedarsono Riswan, - and Carel P. van Schaik, - and Douglas Sheil, - and Kade Sidiyasa, - and Eizi Suzuki, - and Johan L. C. H. van Valkenburg, - and Campbell O. Webb, - and Serge Wich, - and Tsuyoshi Yonedad, - and Rahmad Zakaria, - and Nicole Zweifel, - (2011) Soils on exposed Sunda Shelf shaped biogeographic patterns in the equatorial forests of Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (30). pp. 12343-12347. ISSN 1091-6490

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The marked biogeographic difference between western (Malay Peninsula and Sumatra) and eastern (Borneo) Sundaland is surprising given the long time that these areas have formed a single landmass. A dispersal barrier in the form of a dry savanna corridor during glacial maxima has been proposed to explain this disparity. However, the short duration of these dry savanna conditions make it an unlikely sole cause for the biogeographic pattern. An additional explanation might be related to the coarse sandy soils of central Sundaland. To test these two nonexclusive hypotheses, we performed a floristic cluster analysis based on 111 tree inventories from Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Borneo. We then identified the indicator genera for clusters that crossed the central Sundaland biogeographic boundary and those that did not cross and tested whether drought and coarse-soil tolerance of the indicator genera differed between them. We found 11 terminal floristic clusters, 10 occurring in Borneo, 5 in Sumatra, and 3 in Peninsular Malaysia. Indicator taxa of clusters that occurred across Sundaland had significantly higher coarse-soil tolerance than did those from clusters that occurred east or west of central Sundaland. For drought tolerance, no such pattern was detected. These results strongly suggest that exposed sandy sea-bed soils acted as a dispersal barrier in central Sundaland. However, we could not confirm the presence of a savanna corridor. This finding makes it clear that proposed biogeographic explanations for plant and animal distributions within Sundaland, including possible migration routes for early humans, need to be reevaluated.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: KARYA TULIS DOSEN > Biologi
Depositing User: UPT Perpustakaan UBB
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2020 02:55
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2020 08:44

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